Making a sparkling wine with wild blueberries is accomplished in six steps: primary fermentation, clarification, tirage bottling, disgorging, closing, and labeling. Large scale production requires automation but making a few thousand bottles is possible with very little specialized equipment: a pump, press, gravity filler, crown capper, and a disgorging key. Total equipment costs should fall between $5,000 and $15,000 for a minimal set-up.

Why make a sparkling wine? Wild blueberries, with their moderate sugar (~12  Brix), good natural acidity, and soft tannin, make a base wine that is more like a sparkling wine than a still red wine, despite the color. Sparkling wine, using only the single ingredient of wild blueberries, naturally aligns with the composition of the berry.

IRS – Employer Identification Number
TTB – Basic Permit
TTB – Bonded Winery Registration
TTB – Certificate of Label Approval
FDA – Food Facility Registration

Department of the Secretary of State – Entity Incorporation
Department of Agriculture – Food and Fuel License
Bureau of Alcoholic BeveragesSmall Winery Liquor License
Bureau of Alcoholic BeveragesLabel Registration
Bureau of Alcoholic BeveragesExcise Tax
Department of Environmental Protection – Beverage container registration
Maine Revenue Service – Sales Tax Registration
Department of Labor – Unemployment Insurance and Income Tax Withholding

Local (requirements vary by locality)
Waste water processing
Certificate of Operation
Business License

Licensing a winery in Maine requires several months of planning. The Department of Agriculture Food and Fuel License requires an inspection with rigorous attention to food-borne pathogen sanitation standard

The antimicrobial properties of the lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) fractional components against foodborne pathogens and the conservation of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus PDF

Chemical composition of lowbush blueberry cultivars PDF

USDA 2017 Maine Wild Blueberry Crop Statistics PDF

Surficial Geology Map of Maine PDF

Liqueur de Tirage PDF

Diversity and adaptive evolution of Saccharomyces wine yeast: a review PDF

Analysis of Anthocyanin Variation in Wild Populations of Bilberry ( Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland link

Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station Bulltein 852: Organic Wild Blueberry Production | Wild Blueberry Ecology PDF

TTB COLA Wine Label Requirements link

Genetic Diversity of Lowbush Blueberry throughout the United States PDF

Recent Advances in the Biology and Genetics of Lowbush Blueberry PDF

Molecular Mechanism and Health Role of Functional Ingredients in Blueberry for Chronic Disease in Human Beings PDF

Physical and Chemical Changes Associated with the Development of the Lowbush Blueberry Fruit Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. PDF



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